Reasons of migration to Medina

OLevel

HUMANITIES & SOCIAL SCIENCES

Islamiyat 2058

Notes

Reasons of migration to Medina

Reasons of migration to Medina
Our holy prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) lived 40 years in Mecca before the announcement of his prophet-hood. He was titled as truthful and trustworthy (Sadiq and Amin) in Mecca but when he started the preach of Islam, all of a sudden he started to face difficulties. Then after a few years of the persecutions of the people of Mecca, he allowed some of his followers to migrate to Abyssinia where Negus, a kind person was the ruler. After some time, our holy prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) allowed some more people to migrate to Abyssinia. The Quraish sent a delegation to Negus to get these people back but he refused.

After that, the people of Mecca did boycott of Banu Hashim and holy prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). They were enemies of Islam and all the followers of our holy prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). There was no discrimination between rich and poor in their enmity. On one side there was Bilal who was a very poor while, on the other hand, there was Usman who was from a very rich family of Mecca was also tortured by his uncle.

The main aim of this boycott was to stop all of their preaching activities. Our holy prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) lived out of Mecca with his companions. They lived there for three years. When the boycott ended, they came back to their houses but the behavior of the people was the same. Our holy prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) visited Taif as well to preach but the people of Taif were also very cruel against Islam. They refused to accept Islam even set the hooligans after prophet to throw the stones on our holy prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him).

While in between 620 AD to 622 AD, our holy prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) conveyed his message to the pilgrimages of Medina. Their reply was positive and their behavior was encouraging. In 622 AD, about 75 men and 2 women accepted Islam and offer refuge our holy prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) in Medina. That was very encouraging to him. They assured their complete protection in case of any conflict with the people of Mecca. That is called the second pledge of Aqba. After that many Muslims migrated to Medina. After sometime Our holy prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) also migrated to Medina by the order of ALLAH Almighty to set up an Islamic state.

The people of Medina warmly welcomed our holy prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). That was a big breakthrough not only in the history of Medina but in the history of mankind.
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